Pin Fin Heat Sink
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Pin Fin Heat Sink

Wellste pin heatsinks are produced with rigorous testing and with implementing the international standards. You can always rely on the quality of the products we provide. Harsh industrial conditions and commercial environments are some of the circumstances that our pin fin heat sink can withstand most.

  • Tight dimension tolerance meets your high demand
  • Cost-effective cooling solution for saving your budget
  • No tooling cost or Minimum order quantities
  • High surface finish performance and mechanical strength

Your Reliable Pin Fin Heat Sink Supplier and Manufacturer

In Wellste, we designed custom pin fin heat sink specifications to produce customer-specific solutions. We can customize this type of heat sink to suit a variety of industry applications. It always depends on the component’s heat load, spaces, and airflows.

aluminum heat sink

Item Type Pin Fin Heat Sink
Material Aluminum, Copper
Size Standard or customized size
Colors silver, black , blue, wood color, RAL powder coating color, and so on
Shape Round, Square, Flat, Enclosure, or customized
Thickness 0.4mm-20mm or Customized
Application LED Lighting, Inverter, Welding Machine, Communication Device, Power Supply Equipment, Electronic Industry, Thermoelectric Coolers/Generator, IGBT/UPS Cooling Systems, etc.
Finish Anodizing, Mill finish, Electroplating, Polishing, Sandblasted, Powder coating, Silver plating, Brushed, Painted, PVDF, etc.
Deep process CNC,drilling,milling,cutting,stamping,welding,bending,assembling,Custom Aluminum Fabrication
Tolerance ±0.01mm
Length customized length
MOQ Low MOQ
Packaging standard export packaging or as discussed
OEM & ODM Available. our engineer can check and discuss your design, great help!
Free Samples Yes, we can provide free sample
Delivery time 15-20 days after sample confirmed & down payment, or negotiated
Port Shanghai Port


Wellste pin fin heat sinks will surely give you a lot of benefits in all kinds of applications. Wellste is supplying both new product development and replacements. We make sure that whatever your request is, we provide only the best.
aluminium heat sink manufacturersextruded heat sink surface treatment

-Standard Packing Option-

* Long bar length profiles 3.0-6.0 meters*
* Short bar length profiles 0.3-3.0 meters*

-Loading & Shipment-

Wellste: Your Leading Pin Fin Heat Sink Manufacturer and Supplier

Wellste pin fin heat sinks are manufactured using high-grade 1000 series aluminum alloy materials. Our finned aluminum heat sink is known to the world to be the best heat sink that has high components of absorbing heat and cool.

Wellste provides all kinds of pin fin heat sinks in all different designs, installations, and sizes. We also supply pin fin heat sinks from a variety of customers all around the world. At Wellste, we also provide various heat sinks according to our customer’s demand, such as extruded heat sink, bonded heat sink, skived fin heat sink, and so on.

Wellste pin fin heat sinks are manufactured by high skilled engineers and a team of professionals. Our productions are ensured because all our workers have rich manufacturing experience in this industry. Wellste, with the help of modern technologies, has been in pin fin heat sink manufacturing for several years.

Wellste pin fin heat sink developed to offer an excellent cooling solution. To the fact that it is constructed with aluminum alloy, it provides very great thermal conductivity.

In Wellste, we produce heat sinks of various sizes – widths and heights. These pin fin heat sinks offer a space-saving cooling solution.

pin fin heatsink

Wellste pin fin heat sink can be used for many purposes. Our pin fin heat sink can be fabricated to attach sort of component packages.

This will ensure rapid and constant heat distribution in the base and in the pins. Its structure for impingement cooling lowers the thermal resistance. These pin fin heat sinks are lightweight and are design to provide optimum air throughput.

Our engineers will handle the design of the personalized pin fin heat sink. They can fabricate the material used by CNC, punching, tapping, welding, drilling, or milling. Hence, this will help you to save your time and cost.

Wellste pin fin heat sinks are built by committed workers aiming to produce advanced products at competitive prices. Wellste has the strength to gain long-term growth in business because we are dedicated to our jobs. Our pin fin heat sinks will surely solve your cooling problems for any gadgets, autos and etc.

Wellste pin fin heat sinks are processed with the most standard manufacturing methods to make sure they will gain high-quality performances.  Wellste Pin fin heatsinks have a better heat dissipation feature than the same size from extruded type of die-cast aluminum

We are a legitimate company, a certified manufacturer of pin fin heat sink and stable supplier to all clients.

Wellste’s vision is to improve our ability and skills in manufacturing pin fin heat sinks constantly and to provide all customer’s needs even the difficult ones. Our pin fin heat sinks are composed of high-quality materials with no recycled aluminum

Pin Fin Heat Sink: The Ultimate FAQ Guide

If you have any question on pin fin heat sink, you will find the answer right here.

Whether you want to learn about features, performance criteria, heat transfer mechanism or any other critical elements about pin fin heat sink; this is the right guide for you.

So, keep reading to learn more.

What Is A Pin Fin Heat Sink?

Pin fin heat sinks are a version of heat sinks that comprise extended pins from the base area.

pin fin heat sink

pin fin heat sink

There are various styles of pin fin heat sinks today and the pins can come in various shapes such as:

  • Square
  • Cylindrical
  • Elliptical

Also, pin fin heat sinks are considered the most popular heat sinks in the market today.

This is because they have an excellent cooling capacity which originates from their:

  • Round pin shape
  • Omnidirectional design
  • Highly conductive material construction

Their pin shape offers an aerodynamic design that minimizes resistance to the environmental air that enters the pin fin heat sink.

It also increases air turbulence while the omnidirectional design enables air to enter and exit the configuration from any place.

This will expose the pin fin heat sink to air that moves rapidly.

Together with a large pin surface area, this combination will enhance the cooling effect on the system.

The manufacture of pin fin heat sinks is through a forging process enabling you to use highly conductive material construction.

What Are The Advantages Of Using A Pin Fin Heat Sink For Thermal Management Of Various Electronics?

Engineers who design electronics of today will encounter several issues.

The expectation is to make devices with more power, parts, and functionality.

Also, they are to make systems within a short time and not surpass the budgetary allocations.

This means it is vital to manage heat within these electronic designs since the systems are getting smaller and component density rises.

For this reason, it is important to have cooling media that can fit in tiny spaces within these systems.

Pin fin heat sinks find their application in many systems as they are highly efficient.

The design of the cold forged heat sink allows you to meet the cooling parameters of these electronics at a cost-effective rate.

For instance, the shape of the pin fin heat sink increases the rate of heat transfer as it has a high surface area.

It also provides minimum thermal resistance from its base structure to the fins at a high airflow rate.

They can also function suitably in areas where the airflow direction is random or ambiguous.

How Does The Geometry Of A Pin Fin Heat Sink Operate?

Still air is an excellent thermal insulator.

For this reason, the function of a heat sink is to dissipate the heat from the system.

It achieves this task by disturbing the boundaries of still air that wraps around its surface.

Also, it breaks this boundary layer by increasing the airflow within the heat sink through the use of fans or the chimney effect.

Whichever the case, as air moves faster within the pin fin heat sink, the boundary layers will break.

This causes the pin fin heat sink to be more effective at cooling the system.

The spherical, aerodynamic pin shape minimizes impedance to adjacent airstreams entering the pin grid while generating air currents.

Also, the pin fin heat sink is exposed to high airspeed because of the omnidirectional pin design.

This enables air to enter and depart the pin fin heat sink in any direction.

A considerable degree of customization is possible when making a pin fin heat sink.

Developers may tweak the following parameters to increase the cooling effect that the pin fin heat sink can provide:

  • Overall height
  • Pin length
  • Pin density
  • Size
  • Base thickness
  • Pin diameter

Besides, you can also use the pin fins in instances where you have a restriction to the height and dimension of the system.

For instance, pin fin technology allows the configuration of the pin to be small.

It enables the cold forged heat sink to have a size of 0.5 square inches and a pin height of 0.15 inches.

Research on pin fin heat sink describes the heat dissipation rate as high in pin fin heat sinks than plate-fin heat sinks in several usages.

How Will You Attach A Pin Fin Heat Sink To A Board?

A pin fin heat sink is a versatile system that you can attach to several types of component packages.

These include and are not limited to:

  • Ball Grid Array [BGA]
  • Ceramic Leadless Chip Carrier [CLCC]
  • Dual In-Line Package [DIP]
  • Quad Flat Package [QFP]
  • Low-Profile Quad Flat Package [LQFP]
  • Leadless Chip Carrier [LCC]
  • Thin Small Outline Package [TSOP]
  • Land Grid Array [LGA]

Besides, pin fin heat sinks are lightweight systems.

This means you can use epoxy or normal thermal tape to attach them securely to the components.

Also, you can use mechanical attachments to attach pin fin heat sinks.

Examples of mechanical attachment include z-clips.

How Will A Pin Fin Heat Sink Offer Cost Savings?

A this heat sink technology offers low heat sink solutions for different applications, whether high-volume or medium applications.

This is because it has cost-effective tooling charges and you will experience less wastage of the raw materials.

For instance, some custom pin fin heat sinks cost less than 2 US dollars.

However, most of the pin fin heat sinks will cost less than 1 US dollar.

For this reason, manufacturers can afford to purchase highly efficient pin fin heat sinks at a low cost.

This means you will save money and operate within your budget, allowing you to use the extra funds on other manufacturing parameters.

These additional features can include the following:

  • Installation of high powered fans that will enhance the airflow
  • Use of suitable attachments for the pin fin heat sinks
  • Adding extra chips and other parts within the printed circuit board

This proves to be advantageous to the ever-growing market which focuses on new technology or enhancing the available technology.

Also, it is beneficial since you can focus on the technology yet still have a small budget than the standard OEM.

Besides, you can use other manufacturing methods to design pin fin heat sinks.

For instance, 3-D printing is cost-effective and functions quickly than the other traditional manufacturing methods.

This allows you to make pin fin heat sinks easily, within a short time and using minimal labor input.

It is possible to add pin fin heat sinks at a low cost yet offer the mandatory thermal management that will enhance the design process.

For the manufacturing markets and sometimes its minimal resources, pin fin heat sinks offer high efficiency at a budget into various systems.

How Do Splayed Pin Fin Heat Sinks And Pin Fin Fan Sinks Compare?

Here is how these two compare:

Pin Fin Heat Sink

These heat sinks are suitable for many applications that experience cooling difficulties in several applications.

Besides, pin fin heat sinks have a similar physical appearance to them.

Due to their round pin configuration, omnidirectional design, conductive materials, and effective cooling traits, pin fin heat sinks are becoming popular.

 splayed pin fin heat sink

pin fin heat sink

Besides, their pins go straight up and do not bend outwards like in splayed pin fin heat sinks.

Splayed Pin Fin Heat Sink

These are newer variations on the traditional pin fin heat sink.

Unlike traditional pin fin heat sinks, which have a row of vertically stacked pins, splayed pin fins have pins that curve outward progressively.

Flaring the pins in this fashion improves the pin gap.

This will allow the adjacent airstreams to enter and exit the pin arrays more effectively without compromising surface area.

pin fin heat sink

splayed pin fin heat sink

The wider gap between the pins will decrease the thermal resistance of the pin fin heat sink heat by up to 30%.

This is correct when you compare it to a typical pin fin heat sink in lower airspeed situations with natural convection.

Another benefit of the splayed design is that it has a smaller pressure drop.

Besides, this fact is true when you compare it to a traditional pin fin heat sink with equivalent pin compactness.

The splayed pin fin heat sink will absorb less air due to the low-pressure drip.

For this reason, there will be plenty of air that will cool other components on the printed circuit board.

As a result, densely printed circuit boards with a significant number of ‘hot’ components benefit from splayed pin fins.

What Are Some Features And Benefits Of A Pin Fin Heat Sink?

Here are some features and advantages of a pin fin heat sink:

  • Highly efficient pin fin heat sink designs will offer minimal pressure drop traits
  • They have a large surface area which will increase the performance and effectiveness of the pin fin heat sink
  • Lightweight material construction will reduce thermal resistance from the support to the fins, thereby lowering weight and costs
  • They do not have interface materials
  • Also, when customizing, they can come with pressure-sensitive tapes
  • They are small and can fit in several electronic devices without increasing the weight or altering the design
  • Besides, they are affordable to purchase making them cost-effective when manufacturing your devices

Which Materials Will You Use When Building A Pin Fin Heat Sink?

In the past, devices were using metal sheet parts and bidirectional aluminum extrusions.

Nowadays, heat sinks are more omnidirectional with an effective construction.

Pin fin heat sinks are made through a forging process that enables you to use highly conductive alloys of aluminum and copper.

These materials always enhance the performance of cold forged heat sink.

Besides, pin fin heat sinks are small with sizes ranging between 0.27 inches by 0.27 inches to 10 inches by 10 inches.

They also make sure of copper, aluminum, or a hybrid of copper and aluminum variants.

These materials have their benefits in terms of cost, weight, and effectiveness.

Besides, you need to determine the best material to use by factoring in the thermal needs of the application such as:

  • Power
  • Cooling area
  • Chip area

Some other factors to consider when selecting the suitable material for a pin fin heat sink include:

  • Coefficient of thermal expansion
  • Weigh saving potential
  • High corrosion resistance

So you may ask yourself if you should choose a pin fin heat sink made from copper or aluminum.

Pin fin heat sinks made from copper are becoming more popular in cutting-edge applications as thermal loads continue to rise.

Copper material has a high thermal conductivity which is almost double that of aluminum material, making them a common material to use.

For instance, the thermal conductivity of copper is approximately 400 W/mK while that of aluminum is between 170 and 220 W/mK.

Pin fin heat sinks manufactured using copper benefit from an increased thermal conductivity for two main reasons.

When you compare copper to aluminum pin fin heat sinks, they have a reduced thermal opposition and suitable heat dispersion capacity.

For these reasons, a copper pin fin heat sink finds its application in two different design situations.

The first one is whatever design that necessitates intense cooling and for which aluminum heat sinks are unable to produce low enough thermal resistance.

In this instance, the capacity for copper material to quickly transfer heat through the base of the heat sink becomes critical.

This is to assure the efficacy of pins positioned distant from the device that is generating the heat.

However, copper has its limitations besides its advantages.

This is because the manufacturers need to keep in mind that copper material is expensive and heavier than aluminum material.

Aluminum is lightweight and suitable for use when you need to save on space.

Besides, aluminum offers suitable resistance against coolants even if you do not plate the material.

Such coolants include a water-glycol mixture that you will use in some devices.

Also, you can use a bimetallic material which is a compound of copper and aluminum.

When you combine these materials, the overall weight is less and it offers ample resistance against coolants even without plating.

Furthermore, the heat distribution is excellent and it may quickly absorb the peak loads.

How Does Forging And Impact Extrusion Compare In The Production Of Pin Fin Heat Sinks?

Examples of two methods that you can use when manufacturing a pin fin heat sink include the following:

  • Forging or hot forming
  • Impact extrusion or cold forming

Here is how these two processes compare:

Forging

Because of the thermally enhanced flow of material, forging has an exceptionally high level of design flexibility.

Also, you can make custom pin fin heat sinks using automatic devices.

Some of the benefits of forging or hot forming include the following:

  1. Pin configurations have a lot of design flexibility.
  2. Secondary mold components can be formed.
  3. High output capacity
  4. The rigidity of pins increases as a result of their geometry.
  5. The cylindrical form of the bottom plate allows for better thermal dissipation.
  6. Heat dissipation is optimum in proportion to the weight of the components.

Impact Extrusion

Because raw materials and resources are used optimally, impact extrusion is an attractive and sustainable technology for the manufacturing of pin fin heat sinks.

As a result, this forming method may help customers save money while also saving energy throughout the manufacturing process.

Some of the benefits of impact extrusion or cold forming include the following:

  1. High dimensional precision
  2. Mechanically superior characteristics such as tensile strength and hardness
  3. Material is optimally utilized
  4. High output volume
  5. Pressure loss in the fluid is distributed uniformly along with the pin fin heat sink

What Methods Can You Use To Make A Pin Fin Heat Sink?

Here are some methods you can use when manufacturing pin fin heat sinks:

3-D Printing

Current development in additive copper fabrication makes 3D printed pin fin heat sinks a suitable alternative to their recent counterparts.

Casting

This method entails pouring molten metal inside molds.

Pin fin heat sinks made by casting have a high level of intricacy and outstanding mechanical characteristics.

Milling

This process entails cutting a pin fin heat sink from a blank metal piece.

It is a cost-effective approach to forming pin fin heat sinks of any shape from materials like aluminum.

However, milled pin fin heat sinks are costly than their alternatives in large capacities, but you can produce them quickly.

Skiving Or Scarfing

The procedure produces fins that are thinner and more tightly packed than extrusion.

It will also produce some surface roughness that raises the overall surface area significantly.

What Factors Will Affect The Performance Of A Pin Fin Heat Sink?

These include the following:

  • The rate of airflow
  • Pin fin heat sink size
  • Heat transfer coefficient
  • Duct size between the fins
  • Pin fin heat sink thermal conductivity of the material construction
  • The arrangement, number, and type of fins

What Is The Heat Transfer Principle In A Pin Fin Heat Sink?

Here is how a pin fin heat sink transfers heat:

Heat Production

Any system that generates heat and requires a way to remove the heat to function properly is the source.

Heat Transfer

Here, heat will move from the source to the pin fin heat sink.

The thermal conductivity of the pin fin heat sink material affects the rate of heat transfer.

Heat Distribution

Here, heat will actively or passively move to the pin fin heat sink.

This occurs as heat travels down the temperature difference from a high-temperature setting to a low-temperature one.

As a result, the pin fin heat sink’s thermal profile could be uneven making them hotter at the source and cooler at the ends.

Heat Dissipation

The temperature gradient of the pin fin heat sink influences this process.

Operating fluid moving across the pin fin heat sink applies thermal diffusion and convection to remove heat.

Also, there should be a temperature difference between the pin fin heat sink and the surrounding environment for heat dissipation to occur.

How Do Pin Fin, Straight Fin, And Flared Fin Heat Sinks Compare?

Pin fin heat sinks have pins extending from the bottom part.

Straight fin heat sinks will run the whole length of the heat sink.

Flared fin heat sinks have the fins bending outwards from the base.

flared pin fin heat sink

flared fin pin heat

How Do You Determine The Performance Of A Pin Fin Heat Sink?

The methods you can use include the following:

  • Theoretical heat transfer model
  • Experimental model
  • Numerical model

What Are Some Engineering Applications Of A Pin Fin Heat Sink?

A pin fin heat sink can find its use in the following engineering applications:

  • Soldering
  • LED lamps
  • Microprocessor cooling
  • Amplifiers
  • Power transistors
  • Motherboards

How Do Passive, Active, And Hybrid Pin Fin Heat Sinks Compare?

Here is how these compare:

Passive

These systems do not require any assistance when cooling devices.

It will disperse heat via direct contact between the fins and the environment.

Active

This version of the pin fin heat sink will use a fan, pump, or some kind of power process to increase the cooling rate.

Common types of active pin fin heat sinks entail mounting a fan or fans above or beside the pin fin heat sinks.

Hybrid

This less popular system combines both passive and active heat sinks.

The active part will begin operating when the device reaches high temperatures otherwise it operates passively.

hybrid pin fin heat

hybrid pin fin heat sink

What Are Some Design Factors To Consider In A Pin Fin Heat Sink?

Some design factors worth considering entail the following:

  • Thermal resistance
  • Material construction
  • Fin arrangement
  • Surface color
  • Cavities

For any question or inquiry about pin fin heat sink, contact us now.

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